The School Kindness Scale for Children and Adolescents

Researchers: John-Tyler Binfet, University of British Columbia Okanagan; Anne M. Gadermann and Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl, University of British Columbia


The School Kindness Scale was developed by Okanagan School of Education’s John-Tyler Binfet to test students’ perceptions of kindness in schools. Participants in the original study included 1,753 students in Grades 4 to 8 attending public schools in a large school district in southern British Columbia. The pattern of associations of the School Kindness Scale (SKS) to a corpus of theoretically relevant constructs obtained via student self-reports (classroom supportiveness, optimism, happiness, pro-social and social goals, satisfaction with life, and academic self-efficacy) provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity.

The SKS was significantly and positively associated with teacher reports on students’ empathy, social skills, and peer acceptance. Analyses by gender and grade indicate that students’ perceptions of kindness in school decreased from fourth to eighth grade, with fourth-grade students reporting the highest levels of kindness in school and eighth-grade students reporting the lowest levels. The theoretical importance of investigating students’ perceptions of kindness in the school context and the practical implications of this research for informing educational efforts to promote social and emotional competencies in school communities are discussed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Permission to Use

The scale is copyrighted but you are free to use it without charge by all professionals (researchers and practitioners) as long as you give credit to the authors of the scale: John-Tyer Binfet, Anne M. Gadermann and Kimberly A. Schonert-Reichl as noted in Psychology in the Schools, Vol. 53(2), 2016. Please send a copy of any publications using the SKS to 


Translation of the SKS is permitted. Researchers are asked to send a copy of all translated versions of the SKS to, so it may be included here for distribution.


Results found in the School Kindness Scale for Children found in Psychology in Schools Journal for a full summary, review the School of Kindness Scale.

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